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Joseph Drury

b.1735 d.1819

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Joseph, the second son of Joseph and Doris, was born in 1735 (Ref:17) and christened 15th. June 1744 (Ref:04).

Joseph would have been 20 years old when the Enclosure Awards for Kenilworth were passed in 1756. The landscape of parishes enclosed by Parliamentary Act is usually very orderly and the large regular, fields of 10 to 20 acres, divided by hedges of hawthorn together with regular plantings of EIm or Oak, are still a characteristic of English countryside despite the post-war change to arable farming and the degradations of Dutch Elm disease.

There were four main objects behind enclosure. Firstly, it made arable farming more efficient by consolidation of farm units. Secondly, it increased the land under cultivation by the inclusion of commons and wastes, and the elimination of fallow fields substantially increased cultivable land within in any one year.

This can clearly be seen on the map of Enclosure Awards (Ref:60), showing several areas of common land undergoing enclosure in 1756. Thirdly, in most cases it disposed of tithes within a parish, the holder usually receiving a portion of land in lieu, and bought greater order and convenience to the road and footpath network. Finally, it converted land to more profitable use. Thus arable land previously exhausted, could be rendered more profitable when laid down to grass, while to the landowner enclosed farmland could be let at higher rents than open land.

Joseph , a woolcomber by trade, was also a landowner, and it is known that he owned land on Odiborne Common in Kenilworth shortly after the period of enclosure of the area. A lease, dated 12th April 1777, gives details of an agreement made between Joseph a certain William Sale (Ref.JD1). The area concerned is shown on the Map.

Odiborne Common as shown on the map, was a relatively small area and, in fact Joseph only let an area of 3 acres 1 rood and 19 perches (approx 3 hectares) to William SaIe in 1777. The common, prior to being developed during the early 18th. century, had been much larger than shown on this map. A survey of Odiborne Spring, carried out in 1650 (Ref:27), gave the area of Odiborne Spring as in excess of 38 acres (14 hect. ) and it is likely that it covered the whole of what is shown on this map as Tainters HilI and Odiborne commons, including the area of the Spring. The survey of 1650 was carried out because the land involved had been part of the estate of King Charles I and it was necessary for the Protectorate to establish the current right of ownership and to determine the size of former King's estate.

Joseph would have witnessed a major upheaval in the calendar when, during 1752, the date of New Year's day changed from 25th. March to the current 1st. January, a fact which often complicates records of this era.

In the Kenilworth Manor Suit Rolls of 1808 (Ref:55), Hannah Drury is shown in attendance at the Court during the period 1808 to 1818.

Joseph died on 17th. May 1819 and Hannah, born in 1732, died on 25th. January 1820 (Ref:17)

On th 4th. December 1766, Joseph married Hannah Wood at St. Nicholas Church Kenilworth (Ref:31).

The parish church had undergone several changes just prior to their marriage, including the erection of galleries during 1751 and again in 1760, and during the year following their marriage the roof was replaced. This operation cost the church £335.4s. It is interesting to note that during 1987 there was an appeal for money to replace the present roof of St. Nicholas Church, the cost, however, was somewhat higher, at about £50,000.

Dority         c.18/03/1772     m.n/k         d.n/k
Joseph*    c.29/06/1773     m.12/06/1797     d.24/12/1823
Elizabeth     c.26/07/1775     m.n/k    d.24/09/1775
Hannah     c.12/10/1776     m.n/k         d.02/06/1777

* Joseph was the only son of Joseph and Hannah and after marrying in Kenilworth,to Ann Heath on 12th. July 1797 (Ref:31), he spent several years in jail and eventually departed for Canada in 1819, taking with him two of his sons. Having set up home in Canada he was to send for the rest of the family, however, he was killed in a blizzard before he had chance to send for the remaining family. Without any money to obtain a passage to Canada, his wife and family had to remain in England.

This resulted in two families, one English and one Canadian. The Canadian Adventure is told in Joseph Drury (b.1773) details.

At home, in England, there remained the eldest son of Joseph and Ann, Joseph, and he became the head of the family in England in his father's absence, eventually carrying on the English line of the Kenilworth Drury Family.

Enclosure Map & Lease of Oddiborne Common